The Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) is a subspecies of the western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla).It was named a new species in 1904 by Paul Matschie, a mammalian taxonomist working at the Humboldt University Zoological Museum in Berlin, but its populations were not systematically surveyed until 1987.. Although it is critically endangered due to hunting and habitat loss, the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in Uganda has been a sanctuary for this species, providing a refuge from human activity. One group of mountain gorillas lives in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in Uganda while the other group is found spread over three national parks in the Virunga mountain region of Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Buy a "Gorilla's Paradise" WWF gift and help support the Gamba Complex of protected areas in Gabon – home to western lowland gorillas as well as hippos, … Also, these volcanic slopes are rich in many types of vegetation, which perfectly meet the food requirements of mountain gorillas (roots, shoots, fruit, wild celery, and tree bark and pulp). Make a symbolic gorilla adoption to help save some of the world's most endangered animals from extinction and support WWF's conservation efforts. Mountain gorillas spend much of their time eating. Today, the Zoo has a naturalistic gorilla habitat that is home to six gorillas, in two troops. Park guards patrolling the boundary of Virunga National Park. Virunga National Park, established in 1925, is Africa’s first national park and home to more than half of the world’s mountain gorilla population. While no one has claimed responsibility for the attack, officials are blaming one of the many militia groups that vie for control of natural resources in the endangered gorillas' habitat. Donations are tax-deductible as allowed by law. In Rwanda, these gorillas are found in the Volcanoes National Park. WWF works with governments throughout the Congo Basin, timber companies and international lending institutions to encourage dialogue and promote the use of positive environmental practices in the logging industry. The area is isolated from the rest of the … Thanks a lot for the information. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. What might have been a bleak outlook for the subspecies just a couple of decades ago has brightened in recent years due to conservation efforts. These factors led to a dramatic decline in numbers. They’re under threat. It was distributed as a free resource in the Congo Basin where the message has taken root as it spilled out of local radio stations, in homes, at schools and on the streets. One of the biggest threats to the habitat of mountain gorillas is deforestation. Here is some research on the specific places where mountain gorillas are found and why. Founded in 2018 Portia de Rossi as a gift to Ellen DeGeneres, our immediate focus is to secure a future for wild mountain gorillas by building The Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund a permanent home. This might make it obvious that they live in mountains, but there is much more than what meets the eye in this case. Interesting Facts about Gorilla Habitat 15) Wild gorillas are only found in a few countries in sub-Saharan Africa. View our inclusive approach to conservation, Nine reasons to feel hopeful for wildlife, Mountain Gorilla: WWF Wildlife and Climate Change Series. Eastern lowland gorillas are only found in DR Congo, a country plagued by continued conflict. And as the park recovers from civil unrest, WWF has worked to reforest areas and fund antipoaching patrols. For instance they eat much more and trek for longer distances. Gorillas that come into contact with humans can be vulnerable to human diseases, which gorillas experience in more severe forms. 17 Strange Facts about Mountain Gorillas that you need to know. These are usually set to catch smaller forest mammals such as duikers and rodents, but also unintentionally trap gorillas from time to time. They live on the slopes of the Virunga Mountains. Since 1996, 140 Virunga rangers have been killed in the line of duty. One group is a "bachelor troop" consisting of … It’s the ‘troop leader’s’ job to organize activities like eating, nesting in leaves, and moving home. Even land within protected areas is not safe from clearing—in 2004, for example, illegal settlers cleared 3,700 acres of gorilla forest in Virunga National Park. Like mountain gorillas, eastern lowland gorillas are threatened by habitat loss, but the illegal trade in charcoal and mining in DRC, combined with a lack of legal protection for their habitat are putting even greater pressure on the gorillas. Currently, the mountain gorillas habitat is limited to protected national parks in two regions of Africa. The mountain gorilla is a subspecies of eastern gorilla, a critically endangered African primate.On this page we’re going to discover where it lives, its preferred habitat, what it eats, how it communicates and much more. The gorilla population of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is however, being studied and thought to could be a different population from that of virunga because of their activities. Some die of hunger when they don’t find anything to eat, while some enter human settlements and are killed by the people living there. So, who better to encourage people to protect and nurture Virunga than one of their own? Once the trekking trip begins, the tourists are put into groups, each with a tour guide, and they hike uphill towards the place where the mountain gorillas are found. No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died, Known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalised population, Facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the Wild, Facing a high risk of extinction in the Wild, Likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future, Does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, or Near Threatened. As their name implies, mountain gorillas live in forests high in the mountains, at elevations of 8,000 to 13,000 feet. To track gorillas, you have to buy a gor… As their name implies, mountain gorillas live in forests high in the mountains, at elevations of 8,000 to 13,000 feet. Mountain Gorilla Habitat Mountain gorillas are native to the cloud forests of the Virunga Mountains. This fur enables them to survive in their habitats which are characterized with low temperatures. Each troop gets a half day on exhibit, every day. That is because they are naturally adapted to live in the volcanic slopes of the Virunga mountain region; it serves all their food requirements and they have thick fur to sustain the cold climate of this area. Mountain gorillas are an important and endangered species, but there are many other key animals – and plants – in the forests where they live, creating an interdependent ecosystem. Many lightweight gorillas nest in trees, making beds of bent branches. The Cross River gorilla inhabits a small area between Nigeria and Cameroon. Moreover, rebel groups throughout the area put pressure on park rangers, who risk their lives to protect the animals living in the park. The trade of gorillas and other threatened species as bushmeat is a problem throughout the Congo Basin. Indeed, there were fears that the mountain gorilla would become extinct in the same century it was discovered. The world’s smallest population of mountain gorillas—a subspecies of the eastern gorilla—is split in two and scientists have debated whether they may be two separate subspecies. Mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) possess a number of traits that contribute to their resilience to a changing climate: they are tolerant of a wide range of temperatures, are exposed to fairly high climate variability, have low freshwater requirements, and feed on a variety of abundant food. They have thicker fur, and more of it, compared to other great apes. Join us to make change. Mountain gorilla facts, pictures, video and in-depth information. 1250 24th Street, N.W. This wildlife experience – called ‘gorilla trekking’ – is undoubtedly an important source of income for Rwanda, and plays a significant role in bringing about awareness of the fact that these apes are highly endangered and need to be protected. When trees are cleared to make room for urbanization, settlements and infrastructure projects, mountain gorillas have no place left to go and they enter lowland regions which are not meant for them. There are two populations: One is found in the Virunga volcanic mountains of Central Africa, within three National Parks: Mgahinga, in southwest Uganda; Volcanoes, in northwest Rwanda; and Virunga, in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. To visit the gorillas of Dzanga-Sangha in Central African Republic, contact: [email protected] Habitat Over one third of the estimated 1,000 remaining mountain gorillas live in the protected forests of Virunga National Park. Mountain gorillas wander around a home range of up to 15 square miles (39 square kilometers). The presence of these two locations is why Uganda has the biggest population of gorillas in the world. The challenge inspires people to save an irreplaceable natural treasure like the gorilla when they face hunger, desperation and even death. The song Les Gorilles des Montagnes focuses on why mountain gorillas and their habitat in the Virunga landscape are important, emphasizing that they are the foundation of ecotourism, which will improve local livelihoods. The war in Rwanda in the early 1990s and years of civil unrest in the Democratic Republic of Congo have sent waves of refugees into the region around the Virunga Mountains parks that are home to more than half the mountain gorilla population, leading to poaching and destruction of gorilla habitat. There, the tourists are allowed to spend only an hour with the gorillas, as these apes are habituated to being around humans for very short periods of time. All rights reserved. What Do Mountain Gorillas Eat – Mountain Gorillas Diet, Why Are Mountain Gorillas Endangered – Mountain Gorilla Conservation, Where Do mountain Gorillas Live – Mountain Gorilla Habitat, What Is The Scientific Name For A Gorilla – Gorilla Scientific Name, How Strong Is A Gorilla – Gorilla Strength vs Human. Surrounded by cloud forests and volcanic slopes with rich vegetation, this valley is the natural habitat of mountain gorillas, making it an excellent spot to build a conservation center for these primates. They are called mountain gorillas because they inhabit places that are at high altitudes. The Sabyinyo Silverback Lodge, in the foothills of the Virunga Mountains, and Clouds Mountain Gorilla Lodge, outside of Bwindi Impenetrable Forest, are community-owned tourism lodges that benefit the local people who share their backyard with great apes by generating income through tourism. The live high in the steep mountain forests of four different national parks in Africa in Uganda, Rwanda and Congo. Specific habitats for each subspecies The fur helps them to survive in a habitat where temperatures often drop below freezing. As the … The park is home to more than half the global population of mountain gorillas. Mountain gorillas can even die from the common cold. The mountain gorilla inhabits the high altitude (1,650-3,790 m/5,413-12,435 ft) tropical forests of Zaire, Rwanda, and Uganda (around the Virunga volcanoes). They are adapted to places at such high altitudes because they have thicker fur compared to other primates, and have more of it. Compared to their eastern lowland cousins, mountain gorillas have thick hair, an adaptation which protects them against the sub-zero temperatures often … In 1979, the Virunga National Park was placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List because of its remarkable biodiversity. The world’s entire population of endangered mountain gorillas live only in the Virunga Massif and Bwindi, which spans parts of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, and Rwanda. The fur helps them to survive in a habitat where temperatures often drop below freezing. At night the animals make a nest to sleep in. Mountain Gorilla Habitat Loss. It pays special tribute to the rangers and other conservationists of Virunga who dedicate their lives to protecting gorillas. In Uganda, you can see mountain gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and in Mgahinga Gorilla National Park. They are habitual of human presence, so tourists can also access these rare animals safely. To reach where mountain gorillas are found, you visit the respective national parks. At least six park rangers were shot and killed and several others wounded Sunday in Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Since the discovery of the mountain gorilla subspecies in 1902, its population has endured years of war, hunting, habitat destruction and disease—threats so severe that it was once thought the species might be extinct by the end of the twentieth century.