Prefabricated wooden houses are more and more popular with Italians. Forget the poorly designed bungalows: the latest generation of prefabricated wooden houses have nothing to envy to the brick houses. You will then wonder why this trend, given that, at least from an aesthetic point of view, the result does not change. Let’s try to understand what are the characteristics of these homes, what are the advantages and what are the aspects to consider before buying.
Characteristics of prefabricated wooden houses
Prefabricated wooden houses are a perfect example of green building construction. A house built according to the criteria of green building is characterized by a low environmental impact. The materials must be natural, recyclable, and made with sustainable production processes. The design must be such as to limit material waste to the minimum and guarantee low levels of energy consumption when fully operational.
Today there are different technologies for the construction of wooden houses. The most common and most suitable system for private homes is the loom system. In this case, the load-bearing structure of the building, which can be even more than one story, is made up of beams and columns in laminated wood. The infill walls are sandwiches composed of different materials and cavities, which guarantee optimal insulation. The interior and exterior finishes can be in wood, panels or strips, or in plasterboard, on which the plaster will then be laid.
The systems are inserted in the structure and the fixtures must comply with European standards for thermal, acoustic and air, water and wind tight performance.
Of course, the prefabricated wooden houses are fireproof and the wood is treated to resist humidity. The wooden houses can be custom-built or purchased by choosing between living units of different sizes.
The advantages of prefabricated wooden houses
Prefabricated wooden houses have many advantages:
- Cost. The cost may be lower compared to a house built in brick, due to the lower incidence of the foundations, which are less demanding, and of the labor employed. However, much depends on the cost of transport and assembly, which are usually calculated separately. In addition, the price varies greatly if the house is supplied “unfinished” or “turnkey”.
- Times. To have a perfectly habitable house it can take from 2 to 4 months.
- Efficiency and comfort. The construction system and the materials used to guarantee maximum energy efficiency, thermal insulation, natural ventilation, and comfort.
- Safety. Prefabricated wooden houses are solid, earthquake-proof and fireproof.
- Customization. Depending on the manufacturer chosen, the wooden houses can be customized as desired.
How to choose your wooden house in green building
Choosing the right home, among the countless companies’ proposals, is not easy. There are many variables, from the construction system to the materials used, up to the possibility of customization.
Moreover, not all prefabricated houses are built according to 100% green building criteria: there are tolerance margins for some materials, for example, glues.
My advice is to turn to experts in the construction of prefabricated houses to get a general idea of what the market offers.
Request the certifications that guarantee the quality of the product and the reliability of the company. The necessary certifications are those of production (processes and production systems), those of materials (type and origin) and habitability (safety, comfort, and solidity).
To these certifications, you can add those related to the systems and fixtures provided, while for those who want a completely organic home, there are the certifications for green building.